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5                              Everyday Conversational Expressions                                           Directing a Conversation p.4

 

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* 5 Directing a Conversation (p.4 of 8)

 

5.14   When you want to repeat your point

 

Let me repeat myself.   Listen   A “Let me repeat what I have said.”   <The Senator made a pause, looked at the audience, and said, “Let me repeat myself. We have to cut spending. We must. There is no other way.”>

Allow me to repeat myself.   Listen   <“Allow me to repeat myself. Since this theory is based on incorrect assumptions, its conclusions are incorrect.”>

To repeat,…   Listen   <“You’ve heard my arguments. To repeat, the best course of action for us now is to wait and see.”>

To reiterate,…   Listen   <“To reiterate, I am in resolute opposition to your proposal since it is ill-considered and unwise.”>

As I’ve said…   Listen   <“As I’ve said, it’s going to rain today. I don’t think we can go hiking.”>

Like I said…   Listen   <“Like I said, I’m not interested in your excuses. I need a result”.>

As I was saying,…   Listen   <“As I was saying, our policies remain unchanged no matter what”.>

I don’t want to sound like a broken record, but…   Listen   <“I don’t want to sound like a broken record, but our marketing methods aren’t adequate anymore.”>

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5.15   When you want to provide additional explanation

 

Let me explain.   Listen   <“Paradoxically, the inflated dollar will be in high demand internationally. Let me explain.”>

Let me elaborate.   Listen   <“This is the main idea of my proposal. Now, let me elaborate.”>

Let me give you some details.   Listen   <The Governor said at the briefing, “You already know about the accident. Let me give you some details.”>

Let me tell you a little more about it.   Listen   <First, the General made an announcement about yesterday’s military operation. Then, the public relations officer told the journalists, “Let me tell you a little more about it.”>

Let me clarify that.   Listen   <“In certain cases, special rules apply. Let me clarify that.”>

Allow me to clarify.   Listen   <“The situation is complicated. Allow me to clarify.”>

Let me rephrase that.   Listen   <“No smoking is allowed on the ship. Let me rephrase that in case somebody doesn’t understand. Any smoking is categorically prohibited everywhere on this ship.”>

Let me make myself clear.   Listen   <“Let me make myself clear. I don’t want to harass you, but I need the job done.”>

Let me make myself perfectly clear.   Listen   <“Let me make myself perfectly clear. If you kids don’t stop splashing water everywhere, I will not allow you to play in the swimming pool anymore today.”>

Let’s talk about it.   Listen   A “Let’s discuss the issue.”   <“There may be different methods to tackle this problem. But one of them is better than the others. Let’s talk about it.”>

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5.16   When you rephrase your point

 

What I mean is…   Listen   <“My brother and his wife are still married. What I mean is they are not divorced, but they live apart.”>

What I’m saying is…   Listen   <“You couldn’t do anything else in that situation. What I’m saying is you did well.”>

What I’m trying to say is…   Listen   <“Do you fully understand the potential consequences of your actions? Do you realize danger? What I am trying to say is you are crazy.”>

In other words,…   Listen   <“Are there adequate financial resources available for our project? In other words, do we have funds for this job?”>

To put it another way,…   Listen   <“How are you going to support your extravagant lifestyle? To put it another way, do you have enough money?”>

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5.17   When you provide an example

 

For example,…   Listen   <“Several States have adopted this law, for example California and Arizona.”>

For instance,…   Listen   <“Various construction materials are used in this building. For instance, the walls are made of brick, and the columns are made of stone.”>

To give you an example,…   Listen   <“Form is very important in English poetry. To give you an example, let’s look at the short poem Darkness by Lord Byron.”>

Let me give you an example.   Listen   <“This rule applies only in certain cases. Let me give you an example.”>

Let me illustrate.   Listen   <“The concept of beauty is artistically universal. Let me illustrate.”>

As a case in point,…   Listen   A “As an example,...”   <“I gave you the basics of the evolution theory. As a case in point, let’s consider the origin of the bird.”>

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5.18   When you announce a conclusion

 

To conclude, we have achieved our objectives.   Listen   A “To summarize the consideration...”   <“To conclude, our negotiations were successful.”>

All in all, this was a useful discussion.   Listen   A “When everything is summarized...”   <“All in all, the meeting went quite well.”>

All things considered, this year was a success.   Listen   A “When everything is taken into account...”   <“All thing considered, this was a successful trip.”>

On balance, we made profit this year.   Listen   A “After considering all things...”   <“On balance, we spent our time well.”>

In any case, you’ll get what you want.   Listen   A “No matter what...”   <“In any case, you are responsible for the consequences.”>

One way or the other, the project has been completed.   Listen   (used with the other or another)   A “Regardless of the method...”   <“One way or the other, we have made it home.”>

Either way, his innocence was proven.   Listen   A “Regardless of other circumstances...”   <“Either way, we won the case.”>

That brings us to the main point.   Listen   A “The previous discussion allows us to make a conclusion.”   <“We discussed high manufacturing costs in the United States. That brings us to the main point. American economy is predominantly service type.”>

Which brings me to the main point.   Listen   <“So, dear students, you’re young adults starting your own life. Which brings me to the main point. Is your financial future secure?”>

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5.19   When you rephrase the speaker’s point

 

What you mean is…   Listen   <“For better health, you’ve got to exercise daily.” – “What you mean is medication alone won’t save my cardiovascular system.”>

What you’re saying is…   Listen   <“My brother has been drinking for years. Now he is a respected citizen.” – “What you are saying is nobody is perfect.”>

If I understand you,…   Listen   <“If I understand you, we don’t really know what to do in this situation.”>

If I am hearing you correctly,…   Listen   <“If I’m hearing you correctly, the accident was caused by a human error. Then, who is that person?”>

So, you think that…   Listen   <“So, you think that the Earth is round?”>

Strictly speaking,…   Listen   A “This is the essence of the statement,...”   <“Strictly speaking, you are neglecting some secondary circumstances in order to make a general conclusion.”>

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